Health Care

20 Amino Acids and The Functions They Perform

12:28:00 AM Lokesh kumar 0 Comments

Also known as proteins in non-scientific terms, amino acids fall in the category of important organic compounds. While some of them are produced by the body, others are not. That is why it becomes necessary to include them in the diet for the proper working of the body and its organs.

Types and functions

Till date, there are only 20 amino acids that have been discovered. A brief description about each of them is given in the list-

Alanine- It is a non-polar compound whose side chain is aliphatic in nature. It is used primarily for protein synthesis and is produced by the body.

Arginine- This basic polar compound is responsible for the protein biosynthesis. Though it is produced by the body itself, it is somewhat essential for an individual.

Asparagine- This amino acid has the same function as that of arginine but has a carboxamide side chain.

Aspartic acid- The acidic side chain makes it useful when it comes to increasing stamina and metabolism. Also, it helps in the proper functioning of the liver and the immune system.

Cysteine- It is a good detoxing agent, other than that it protects the skin from radiations and UV rays and helps in its repair and regrowth.

Glutamic acid- It is one of the 20 amino acids and has an acidic group present. It is basically involved in the DNA synthesis and acts as a neurotransmitter.

Glutamine- This compound keeps the body sugar level in control and provides strength to the muscles and energy to body parts.

Glycine- It is a primary glycogenic acid that performs the main task of transmission to and from the nervous system.

Histidine- It regulates hemoglobin present in the blood and is also useful in the treatment of arthritis.

Isoleucine- Production and synthesis of hemoglobin is the main function of this non-polar and aliphatic amino acid.

Leucine- It has wound healing properties and is also considered good for skin and tissues.

Lysine- It keeps the nervous system healthy and stimulates hormones as well.

Methionine- It breaks down the body fat into simpler compounds and acts as an antioxidant as well.

Phenylalanine- Responsible for a healthy nervous system, boosts up learning and memory.

Proline- ensures proper functioning of joints and heart muscles.

Serine- Another glycogenic amino acid that helps in regulating blood sugar.

Threonine- Favors the production of antibodies and prevents fat storage in liver.

Tryptophan- Reduces anxiety, treats migraine and insomnia.

Tyrosine- Treats depression, provides energy and mental clarity.

Valine- Muscle development is the main function performed by it.

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