Health Care

Know about what are cancers and their best treatments

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Oncology is a branch of medicine that involves the treatment of cancer in the human body. Oncology is derived from two words onco which means bulk or mass and logy means to study; hence this makes Oncology a term that defines the study of tumours and cancer. Due to our imbalanced lifestyles, millions of people are living with cancer or may have or had cancer. If research to be believed, cancer is the second leading cause of death across the globe, it is noted that cancer is developed in the body due to an unhealthy diet, pollution, intake of toxic elements like smoking, tobacco and alcohol.

Let us understand what is Cancer?

Every living creature is made of a cell which is the smallest unit of a human body, these cells slowly grow and form the whole living body, but Cancer is the situation when these cells start growing inadequately. The uncontrollable growth of the cells in the body leads to the formation of tumours which further changes into Cancer. As per the best oncology surgeons in India, there are different types of Cancer existing today, these different types of cancer are grouped on the basis of the cells they start with. Here is a list of some common types of Cancers

·         Carcinoma - This is the type of cancer that begins with skin or in tissues, there are a few subclasses of this type of cancer which are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma.

·         Sarcoma -   cancer that begins in the connective tissue or the supportive tissue like bone, cartilage blood vessel, fat etc.

·         Leukaemia- this type of cancer is related to the blood forming tissues like bone marrow.

·         Lymphoma and myeloma- cancer that begins with our immune system.

·         Brain and spinal cord cancer - these are known as central nervous system cancers.

  Role of Oncologist in the treatment of Cancer -

Oncologists are the ones who are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of Cancer, these oncologists have several different roles. They perform the thorough diagnosis of cancer and determine the stages of cancer and type of cancer. Earlier there was no treatment of Cancer but some of the top oncology surgeons in India and abroad carried out different research procedures and successfully found the remedies to fight death causing cancers. Based on the stage and grade of cancer, oncologists plan the type of treatment to be given and based on that they go ahead with surgery, chemotherapy, different modalities and radiation therapy. In India, there are a lot of cancer research centres one of the well-known Cancer research centres is located in Mumbai, as cancer is considered to be one of the major reasons that cause morbidity and mortality. In males, the common sites of cancer are lungs, prostate, rectum, stomach, colon and liver and in females, the common sites are breasts, cervix, rectum, stomach. As per World health organisation, in the coming 20 years, there is an expected rise of 70% in the rate of cancer in people across the world.

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