Treatments

Addiction Detox - Withdrawal Symptoms

11:35:00 PM Parvesh Bravo 0 Comments

Detox refers to detoxification which is the process of cleaning the body from toxins. In the case of drug abuse, it refers to the given period during which the body processes or metabolize any substance (drugs and alcohol) into the system, This process clears the body from their influence.

When someone with a dependence on a substance undergoes an addiction detox process, the withdrawal symptoms will start as the substance leaves the body. Each substance, drug or alcohol will produce diverse symptoms and during a different period. Each drug has a different withdrawal time and may remain actively affecting the individual for a different period. This is called the drug´s half-life.


Withdrawal symptoms can be physical and/or psychological, modifying the way the patient feels, acts and thinks. They happen because drugs and alcohol are depressants of the brain, they suppress the production of neurotransmitters so when the addict stops taking drugs or alcohol, they brain “rebounds” producing a rush of adrenaline causing the withdrawal symptoms.

Each substance produces different withdrawal symptoms.

Emotional symptoms can include:
  • restlessness
  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • insomnia
  • depression
  • isolation
  • lack of concentration
  • panic attacks
  • short-term memory loss
Physical symptoms can include:    
  • sweating
  • palpitation
  • accelerated heart
  • muscle tension
  • difficulty breathing
  • tightness in the chest
  • tremors
  • nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea
  • hypertension
  • dehydration
  • shakiness
  • headaches
  • abdominal pain
  • loss of appetite
There may be dangerous, life-threatening withdrawal symptoms, which usually occur in patients leaving alcohol and tranquilizers. These risky symptoms include:
  • seizures
  • strokes
  • heart attacks
  • hallucinations
  • delirium tremens
It´s important to know that the severity and duration of substance withdrawal symptoms depend on several factors:
  • the degree of dependency on the drug/alcohol
  • duration of time abusing the drug
  • type of substance the addict consumed
  • the method of use (e.g. inhaling, smoking, injecting, swallowing)
  • the amount of substance used each time
  • the family history of substance abuse
  • underlying medical and mental health issues

What Are The Different Symptoms During Addiction Detox Depending On The Substance?

Talking about severe cases of addiction, depending on the substance, detox withdrawal symptoms are the following:

For opiates: Extreme flu-like symptoms, fever, muscle spasms, chills, bone pain, cramps, vomiting and diarrhea, insomnia, depression and even suicidal thoughts.
For Cocaine: Intense cravings, anxiety, fatigue, tiredness, restlessness, depression, and agitation.
For Marijuana: Insomnia, depression, mood swings, lack of appetite, anxiety, physical tension.
For Ecstasy: Poor sleep or insomnia, panic attacks, paranoia, anxiety, delusions, tension.
For Alcohol: Sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, sensitivity to light and sound, anxiety, disorientation, irritability, lack of concentration, anxiety, agitation and high fevers in cases of high daily volumes of abuse.

It´s important to note that the addiction detox process may be harder for some individuals than others, depending on the substance and on the severity of the addiction, Medical addiction detox is usually accompanied by certain medications that help patients cope with the symptoms

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